Fortress of Olomouc

Fortress of Olomouc

The theme is aimed at historical geographical analysis of the changes in the spatial structure of the city of Olomouc at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. Olomouc, currently the sixth largest city of the Czech Republic, has always ranked among the most important cities in Moravia (it is a part of the Lands of the Bohemian Crown), but its development had been rather specific in the studied period. Until 1888 Olomouc had played a role of major border fortress of the Austrian monarchy. Due to military and strategic reasons the city and all settlements in the vicinity of the fortress had been limited in their social and economic development.

General objective is to assess the transformation of the fortress city into the modern city and to analyse in detail individual aspects of this road to modernity.

We are interested particularly in the following problems:

  • transformations of physical structure of Olomouc and its suburbs
  • transformations of functional structure of Olomouc and its suburbs
  • transformations of socio-economic structure of Olomouc and its suburbs
  • delineation and analysis of migration regions


Daniel, J., Frajer, J., Klapka, P. (2010): Komparace vývoje krajinné a funkční struktury suburbií v 19. a 20. století na příkladu města Olomouce [Comparation of development of landscape and functional structure of suburbs in the 19th and 20th centuries: example of the city of Olomouc]. In: Geografie pro život ve 21. století: Sborník příspěvků z XXII. sjezdu České geografické společnosti pořádaného Ostravskou univerzitou v Ostravě 31. srpna – 3. září 2010. OSU, Ostrava, 757 – 766.

Daniel, J., Frajer, J., Klapka, P. (2010): Proměny suburbia: Olomouc-Nová Ulice [Transformations of the suburb: Olomouc-Nová Ulice]. Historická geografie 36 (1), 29 – 50.